|(photo by Bill Cullina)|
|(photo by Rodney Eason)|
As Rodney noted in last week’s blog post, the air has changed, the light has diminished, and summer has faded. Here at Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens the plants are beginning their slow march to winter dormancy. But before reaching their destination, they give us one more flush of color and interest. The leaves on the trees and shrubs reveal the pigments hidden by summer’s chlorophyll. The flowers shed their bright petals to show off interesting seed heads. And the grasses, in their autumn splendor, dance gracefully in the breeze. (How’s that for waxing poetic?) Fall is a wonderful time for anyone who loves plants and the outdoors to be at the Gardens.
Those of us on the horticulture staff get to enjoy this time of year as we go about our duties of cutting back, cleaning up, and making ready for next spring. And yes, we are already thinking about next year. This is the time of year when we can evaluate our plantings and think about changes, big and small, to improve the gardens for next year. The real fun will come in a couple months when all the 2014 nursery catalogs arrive and we get to peruse new and exciting plants.
On another note, all the guests that I have spoken with are quite taken with the pumpkin displays. Kids of all ages are taking advantage of photo opportunities with the displays that are scattered around the main campus. This is a far larger fall display than we have done in the past, and we are very interested in our guests’ feedback.
Here’s the bottom line, folks. The gardens are gorgeous. The fall displays are awesome. The weather is perfect. With that combination, you cannot go wrong. You should come visit with us this fall.
– Will Bridges, Horticulturist (September 30, 2013)
The Pinus densiflora ‘Burke’s
Part of the team that has made
I’m sure to miss the Maine woodlands.
As many of you may have realized by now, I’m the last Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens horticulture intern left in the department for this year. I’ll admit it has been lonely without my sidekicks around for the past month, but it’s given me time to enjoy everything the beautiful fall season has to offer. Unfortunately, it’s now my time to bid you blog followers all a fond farewell. While I’m very sad to be leaving the Gardens, I’d prefer to look at all of the happiness and satisfaction that this garden has brought me over the summer.
There are so many moments that come to mind when I think about the crazy summer I had: the first time driving the equipment; all of the exciting field trips we took; watching each garden change throughout the seasons; completely revamping planting beds to make them look brand new; countless non-horticulture projects; learning to map the gardens; and even my first cookie from the Kitchen Garden Cafe (trust me, it’s life changing). There were also various challenges mixed in with the fun, such as the infamous “intern B&B pine planting disaster,” detailed in one of the first blogs of the summer. While embarrassing at the time, challenges like this helped me learn to accept my mistakes and ultimately grow as a horticulture professional.
I believe the thing I’ll miss most about working at the Gardens is the horticulture staff. These wacky individuals have truly swept me away with their hardworking, passionate, sometimes silly demeanor. They have always cheered on my success and have inspired me to become a more well-rounded professional. I’ve spent early mornings and late nights with them, and while sometimes it was hard work, we always found time to laugh.
Sometimes their advice was a little questionable, such as, “You have to eat ice cream after lunch! It’s good for you!” However, those group ice cream sessions created some of the best bonding time for our team. Above all, though, these people have encouraged me to strive to keep learning as long as I can and to never give up on something I believe in. To my fellow horticulturists, who are now my dear friends: Thank you for being everything I could have ever asked for in a team. You’re going to be a tough crowd to beat.
I know I took it for granted while working here this summer, but Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens is truly a magical place. There is always something to see or do here, no matter the season. I wish I had taken advantage of every sight and smell when I had the chance, but it still is a summer that I’ll never forget. I know I will carry this experience with me for years to come.
-Carrington Flatness, Horticulture Intern (September 19, 2013)
A group of volunteers hard at work, deadheading
A view of the beautiful sunrise over the
As if you didn’t already know, the experiences you may encounter here at Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens are completely unique and unbeatable. Much like our Lerner Garden of the Five Senses, the entire garden seems to stimulate all of your senses when you come by for a visit. The smell of the cool sea breeze coming off the water, the taste of lettuce from the Burpee Kitchen Garden, listening to the children playing in the Bibby and Harold Alfond Children’s Garden, the sight of a fresh bouquet of flowers either indoors or out, or the cool feeling of water spraying from the whale rocks are just a few examples of what you may experience here. One of the things you may not experience directly in your visit is something completely different: passion.
When it comes to CMBG, you’ll find many supportive faces across the state, whether it be from the Board of Directors or even local citizens. However, I’ve never met a group of people more passionate than the volunteers that spend their time in our garden. Being on the horticulture staff, I mostly deal with the horticulture volunteers and work with them daily in the garden. These people don’t care if it’s raining cats and dogs or if the sun’s beating down on them; they start and finish their work with a smile on their face and continue coming back week after week. This doesn’t just apply to the horticulture volunteers, though; this is true for the garden docents, the shuttle drivers, the tour guides, and everyone in between. I want to thank all of you.
I think I speak for everyone when I say that Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens wouldn’t be as spectacular as it is today without the constant devotion of our volunteers. You have all taught me so much this summer about what it means to be selfless and give back to a cause that is greater than myself, and for that I owe you all. You are what helps this garden keep getting better and continuously helps us to grow. Thank you for all your hard work, your smiles, your stories, and your undeniable love for this garden.
-Carrington Flatness, Horticulture Intern (September 6, 2013)
Director of Horticulture Rodney Eason taking his
No photo editing here! What a striking color on
|A glance at the sweeping meadow in Elsie’s garden.|
While working at Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens this summer, I’ve realized that there are many benefits to being on the horticulture staff. Whether it’s getting to enter the garden early in the morning to soak in the tranquility of the grounds or watching your own plantings grow and be complimented daily, you can’t get these experiences any other way. One of the best benefits to my job, however, was the undeniable encouragement by the entire staff to continue learning. The Gardens holds various educational classes, lectures and workshops that are open to the public; and I was lucky enough to attend a handful of them this summer.
The most recent workshop I attended was entitled “Garden Planting & Design” and was taught by none other than my boss, Director of Horticulture Rodney Eason. Fellow intern Montana and I were very excited to attend this class because we both had a similar predicament: We didn’t take many design courses in our undergraduate studies and wanted to expand our horticultural knowledge even further.
The beginning of the program allowed us to travel through time and get a glimpse of garden design throughout history. We explored different countries’ views on design and examined how garden design progressed drastically through the centuries. It was interesting to see how we have evolved the landscape to where it is today and how many different design elements we combine.
The other half of this class was hands-on: We were to make our own ideas come to life and be the designers. Being the right-brained person I am, I was skeptical about being creative on paper; but it turned out to be easier than I thought. My drawings may have looked a little messy, but the key design concepts were there and I was undeniably proud of it. This class taught me a huge lesson that can be applied to more than just designing: Look at the big picture first and work out the little details later.
In addition to the class that Montana and I attended, we had our final internship field trip this week. This one was a little closer to home; we visited Elsie Freeman’s personal garden at her home on Barter’s Island. To be completely honest with you, I’ve never seen a home garden look quite like this. Some of the sights we encountered were a frog pond, a Japanese garden, a forest trail, and huge planting beds that were filled to the brim with colorful plants. If you looked closely enough, you could find paths leading to secret hideaways within the garden, which allowed for a whole new experience. Overall, being in Elsie’s garden was an awe-inducing experience for all of us. It was perfect timing to have Rodney’s design class the day prior to this field trip, helping us truly appreciate the hard work and thought process behind the spectacular designs we saw in Elsie’s backyard.
-Carrington Flatness, Horticulture Intern (August 30, 2013)
After exhaustive research, Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens Executive Director William Cullina gleaned the following historical information from an academic paper by Dr. Wallace McBride, “Fairy Communities of the Central Maine Coast,” published in the American Journal of Fairy and Elven Studies, vol. 16:3, pp. 231-244. He read this document to the children and their grown-ups assembled for the opening celebration and garland cutting for the Gardens’ shoreland Fairy House Village on Saturday, August 24, 2013.
It is thought that fairies first left Tir na nog, the land of external youth, about 65 million years ago, to help heal the earth from the devastating effects of the asteroid impact that plunged the world into darkness and chaos. It is believed that the origin of the four fairy clans – air, water, fire and tree fairies – can be traced to this time. As little as 10,000 years ago, fairies are said to have been living commonly and openly in the Irish and Welsh countryside, serving as healers and holding fairy court where accused violators of natural law could be heard and reprimanded. These “fairy circles,” as they are called, evolved into community gathering places where important events such as the turning of the four seasons and the birth of the full moon are celebrated.
Just as happened elsewhere in the world, when humans arrived in Ireland, Wales and Scotland 10,000 years ago they feared these tiny magical creatures and worked to drive them away by destroying their houses and circles. Though it is likely that many fairies returned to Tir na nog during Amanna dorcha (the dark times), as this period was called, others retreated to the forests and the night, using magic and trickery to help keep humans from discovering them. To this day, much of what we call coincidence and luck is really this fairy magic and trickery.
In 1989, the discovery of the Rockland Runes on a beach just south of the Samoset Resort marked a major turning point in our understanding of fairy history in this region. This two-by-three-foot stone, with its intricately carved runic characters, tells the story of the great fairy crossing, or Turas. We now know that during the Amanna dorcha a small band of water fairies set sail from western Ireland in their shell-shaped wooden boats, destined for Tir na nog but were caught in a great storm that blew them far south into the Sargasso Sea near Bermuda. Their boats wrecked, they floated on great mats of Sargasso seaweed for two moons until by chance they caught a ride on on the backs of migrating silver eels, or elvers, as they swam northwest to the rivers along Maine’s midcoast. Exhausted and lost, the weary band made landfall on Monhegan Island and established a small settlement.
Over time the fairies flew to the closer islands and mainland around what is now Boothbay Harbor and developed thriving communities. Even the name Boothbay comes from Beal Ba, fairy for “mouth bay.” Here the water fairies lived openly and peacefully for more than 9,000 years, until the arrival of English, Scottish and Irish settlers signaled yet another Amanna dorcha that drove the fairies into hiding again. Even as late as the mid 1800s, fairy sightings in this area were common, but nowadays they are increasingly rare as fairy houses and circles are inadvertently destroyed to make way for modern things.
While constructing the Shoreland Trail at Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens in the late 1990s, volunteers discovered a small fairy village on this very site. Although apparently unoccupied, it was obvious that the village was quite old and likely dated from the first settlement of the mainland by the Monhegan water fairies nearly 8,000 years ago. Much of the site was in ruins, as a result of the land clearing for sheep farming here in the 19th century, but part of the circle and some of the dwellings remained. Worried by the decline of the fairy community, young volunteers began rebuilding the houses and, happily, within a short time the fairies returned.
As Bill Cullina explained at the celebration, “When the current work is complete, the Ciorcal Mór (Great Circle) will again stand as the largest and most important ceremonial site of its kind in Maine. Joe Norton has also rebuilt the north and east walls of the famous Te-ach Uisce, or Water House, mentioned in the Rockland Runes, and over the course of the fall and winter he will add the symbols and runic characters to the various structures as described in the Rockland document. It makes my heart glad that in this garden of wonder and beauty we have provided a place for these ancient creatures and the magic and nature they represent. “
He thanked the Walbridge family for making the restoration possible and Joe Norton and his crew for the vision and hard work to build it.
“Now, to complete the work and bring magic to the stones,” he concluded, “we ask the children in the audience to sprinkle them with this fairy dust discovered during excavation of the site. Then, to welcome the fairies home, we would be grateful if you would build them houses great and small to show the little people they are most welcome here. Thank you and siúl i síocháin (walk in peace).”
My favorite tree on the property,
|The posse posing with a truly exceptional man,
our Director of Horticulture, Rodney Eason.
|Our awkward family photo
(Photo by Rodney Eason)
As I prepare myself for yet another transition, I turn to one of my favorite quotes by garden designer Lauren Springer Ogden for inspiration: “Gardenmaking, in its finest form, is a celebration of life and of love.” I absolutely adore this quote because it reminds me that my innate love of plants must come from my mother and grandmother. By strolling through either of their gardens one can understand who these women are as individuals. Each plant, hardscape and garden’s design echoes their unique personalities, much like our gardens at Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens reflect the character of each person fundamental to their conception and development. I now love CMBG as much as the gardens of my youth because I can see my influence throughout the grounds; I have left as much of an impression on the garden as it has left on me.
For someone like me who craves order and understanding, the garden can be a maddening place. Plants often seem to do what they will regardless of your efforts to control and manipulate them. Perhaps this is why I love horticulture so much – because the science of plants is insatiable and humbling, capable of bringing me to my knees in frustration, but also in wonder. In her book, The Undaunted Garden, Lauren Springer Ogden describes the varied personalities of gardeners. In particular, she mentions one type who “are fascinated by the intricacies of the natural world and observe the garden as a marvelous microcosm thereof.” I identify deeply with this type of gardener, but I would include that my perception of what constitutes a garden includes the people who cultivate it.
I’m sure many of you readers are already aware that our gardens are in the process of transitioning to a new master plan. After spending the past week meeting some of our board members and listening to the goals of our new landscape architects I was reminded of renowned plantsman David Culp, who wrote, “When dealing with plants, it is best to consider a garden as living sculpture – always in flux and, if we learn to pay attention, always teaching us what it wants to become.” Because I’ve spent most of my fleeting stay here in Boothbay working these gardens, I can promise you they’re ready to evolve into something even greater than they’ve already become. I have great faith that our board members will listen to the garden and capture the essence of the northern tempestuous coast that is so quintessential to Maine.
Our more detail-oriented readers may have noticed the title of my position here at CMBG is different than that of my peers. My internship – Pearson Horticulture Internship- is named after a lovely family from Naples, Florida, who donated a generous gift enabling CMBG to hire me on for the summer free of charge (meaning my income comes from this donation and not from our operating budget). I think it’s important that I communicate how amazing this specific type of donation was because instead of financing the installation of a beautiful bench or a new building (which are both wonderful contributions), this family decided to invest not only in the Gardens, but in my future as well. Though all donations are honorable in nature, this specific form of sponsorship is even more selfless, because the skills I was able to acquire while interning here will benefit many other organizations and communities I work for in the future, not just CMBG; and for this opportunity, I am incredibly grateful.
I mentioned earlier that for me a garden includes the people who help cultivate it. And even though the intrinsic beauty of nature is something we may never fully capture in our landscapes, gardens can provide a sense of stability and security that nature cannot. I believe this sense of security comes from a subconscious understanding that another human being created and cares for the space – we can appreciate the garden as an art form. The public did not rate our gardens number one because we have meticulously maintained flowerbeds or exotic species found nowhere else, they rated us so highly because of the undaunted spirits of the staff and volunteers who have poured their lives into this place. I will always cherish the memories I’ve made here and I have no doubt the gardens will continue to capture the hearts of everyone who walk its grounds.
-Montana Williams, Pearson Horticulture Intern (published August 26, 2013)
|Playing pick-up sticks with the horticulture crew!|
The entire horticulture staff lent a helping hand
If you’ve been to Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens at all this season, you probably noticed that we’ve had a bit of dust and construction down around the Fairy House Village. These changes are meant to improve one of our most popular and well-loved gardens. But when the Garden undertakes a large project such as this, sometimes we need all hands on deck and use the entire staff to push through to the end. This week has been dedicated to getting the Village all spruced up for its opening and we needed all the help we could get.
The major additions to this garden are the spectacular stone structures that now stand as the “fairy ruins from ages past.” In the placing of the stones, however, we created quite a mess that needed to be cleaned before the fairies could move back in. Twigs, logs, pine cones, and bark littered the grounds, so we organized these materials in neat piles for the children to use as supplies for their future fairy homes.
But the fun didn’t stop there. This morning (Friday), the entire horticulture staff came into work earlier than usual to lay down a mulch-like material called “Superhumus” as a top dressing to the forest ground. Let me tell you this: If you ever want to get in shape fast, I would highly recommend joining the horticulture crew during their spring mulching. I only experienced one morning of it and I’m already feeling sore; they do it for three weeks straight in the spring! Because of the amazing strength of our horticulture staff, it was easy for us to lay all of the “Superhumus” out before guests of the Garden even arrived for the day. Unfortunately, I can’t show you the final product quite yet because we are still primping and adding the finishing touches; I also love building the suspense and keeping it a surprise for everyone!
The newly renovated Fairy House Village opened Saturday, August 24, at 10:30 a.m., with a celebration kickoff. Sadly, in all of our cleaning, we removed all of the existing fairy homes to make way for machinery and new stonework. This just means that we have plenty of room for new fairy home additions! Bring your family and help fill the Village with as many beautiful new homes as you would like, while still adhering to building guidelines of course. For the young or just the young at heart, the Fairy House Village is an activity that all guests of CMBG should indulge in. We hope our new additions make your experience even better.
-Carrington Flatness, Horticulture Intern (published August 26, 2013)
|One last glance at my favorite garden.|
| We had some great times together! CMBG horticulture interns along with staff
horticulturist Megan Deveau (on right)
striking a pose at The Arnold Arboretum.
(Photo by Rodney Eason)
It is with mixed emotions that I tell you that this will be my last blog post. I have had an unbelievably great summer here at Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens, met amazing people, and made life-long friends. Although leaving is hard and very heartbreaking, I am comforted by the fact that I will be able to return next year and continue the internship! That’s right, I am not leaving for good, simply taking a small leave of absence to go back to school. I will be back up here before you know it!
I will dearly miss my fellow interns, Carrington and Montana. We’ve had a good summer of getting to know each other. Its kind of depressing to go home and leave people who are just as nerdy about plants as I am. I have really enjoyed working with all of the horticulture staff. I learned so many different things from each staff member, and all of that information will help me this coming semester at school.
It seems fitting that my last day here would mirror my first day here. Pouring down rain, me on my hands and knees in the Children’s Garden. Only this time I had a much better sense of what I was actually weeding! I can’t even begin to tell you how much I have learned about: botany, pests, design, disease, and the list goes on and on.
Of all the wonderful things that I have had to opportunity to participate in, my favorite was probably getting to watch things grow. To watch the plants take over and fill the garden with beauty, the interns grow to be a part of the horticulture family, and myself grow to be a much more knowledgeable more confident horticulture student.
-Kristin Neill, Continuing Horticulture Intern, (August 8, 2013)
The sunrise casts its light beautifully
My favorite permanent piece of artwork within the
As many of you are aware, our duty as the Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens horticulture interns is to rotate among horticulture staff members to experience what they do on a daily basis. Each of the staff members has an assigned area of the Garden that they regularly maintain. Two weeks ago, I had the pleasure of working with Patty Robbins and had quite the change of scenery compared to my previous weeks. Patty is in charge of keeping the Haney Hillside Garden and the Vayo Meditation Garden looking in tip-top shape. Since these gardens are located off the main campus, it gave me a chance to truly appreciate the beautiful woodlands that surround the property.
It has gotten to that time of year where it seems like all we do is weed and deadhead. While it is great upkeep for the Garden, it can become very tedious work to do day in and day out. The nice thing about being with Patty for the week was getting to do something other than weeding and deadheading. Some of her daily duties include cleaning the water features, sweeping off the vast amounts of stonework in her garden, and raking the paths to make them look as pristine as ever. Being the overly organized person that I am, it felt amazing to tidy up the garden on a daily basis and see what a difference a little cleaning up can do.
If you ask me, the Haney Hillside Garden is a very underrated part of the garden. Some may just view it as the path that will take them to see the water or the trail that leads to the Fairy House Village. I, however, have developed a new-found appreciation for this forested area. The hillside winds itself in a zigzag-like pattern, and at every turn there is something new and exciting to see. Whether a bubbling water feature, stone benches or even the beautiful chiseled orb (seen at right), there is far too much to be seen in this garden to pass it by.
-Carrington Flatness, Horticulture Intern (8/12/13)
Me inspecting one of our composting display setups.
|Fellow intern Kristin Neill posing next to our facility compost pile to show scale. You can deduce the high nutrient content of the compost by the massive pumpkin growing on the top!|
Deep in the heart of our jungle here at Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens there is a mammoth-like mound of vegetative waste. At first when you approach its base you are instantly dwarfed in comparison and an eerie sensation washes over you, but this feeling soon morphs to curiosity as you marvel the pile and interpret its purpose. You see, this heap of decaying material will soon be used to supplement life, illustrating the irrefutable beauty of nature’s intrinsic design. In horticulture, we call the product of this naturally occurring process of decomposition “compost.”
Composting is the rapid breakdown of organic materials by soil organisms. This process can heat the pile up to 150 degrees Fahrenheit or more, which kills off many diseases and weed seeds and helps control odors. After consuming the organic materials, these organisms can reduce the volume of a pile by two-thirds resulting in fertile compost that we can then incorporate into our soil. Compost is beloved in horticulture as soil amendment because of its ability to improve soil structure and fertility by allowing the soil to hold more air, moisture, and soluble minerals.
Compost may be phenomenal as a soil amendment, but it does have its downfalls when used in excess. In the past, here at CMBG, we have “top dressed” our plant beds every spring with a mulch (containing compost) called “Nutrimulch.” Consistent application of this mulch has increased the pH of many of our garden beds making them more alkaline and less favorable to some of our most valued specimens (such as our Rhododendron and Blueberry collections). We have begun to correct this issue by applying organic sulfur (to beds containing acidic soil loving plants) and switching to a product called “SuperHumus,” for our yearly spring mulching.
I implore you to experience the wonder of composting in your own yard (if you haven’t already) but I also understand that this process is rather slow and may not produce as much mulch needed for your entire yard. If you need a substantial amount of quality compost I suggest you check out this link.
-Montana Williams, Pearson Horticulture Intern (August 8, 2013)
Signage in our Lerner Garden of the Five Senses gives excellent directions on how to construct your own compost pile:
1. Evenly Layer the “Browns and Greens”
- Browns- dead leaves, straw, wood or bark chips, twigs, non-colored paper and nutshells
- Greens- grass clippings and green leaves and stems, vegetables scraps from the kitchen, and coffee grounds
- Farm-animal manures are also very effective, if available.
- Avoid- human or pet wastes, colored paper, dairy products, meats, fats and greases, coal ashes, or diseased plant wastes. Fireplace ashes can be used in moderation.
2. Aerate the Pile
- The more air that gets into the pile, the faster the pile will compost.
- The best was to get air in is to turn or flip the pile with a pitchfork or tractor every few months.
- Poorly aerated piles smell bad and produce inferior compost.
3. Keep the Pile Moist but Not Wet
- Pre-moisten brown materials if possible to prevent them from sucking up all the water needed for composting.
- It takes 1-2 yeas for the pile to “finish” (be ready to use).
- “Finished” compost should be loose, crumbly and dark.
- Larger piles compost faster because they trap more heat (aim for a pile at least 6 feet wide and tall to start with